12 photos - 8 species


 There is one genus with 28 species.

Important algae repellents.

They shear off the thin layer of algae that covers most stones in shallow water.

They have rays that contain a poison and should therefore be handled with care.

Depending on the species, they can reach a size of between 20 and 45 cm.

Siganus fuscescens

Mottled spinefoot, Black rabbitfish, Black spinefoot, Dusky rabbitfish, Fuscous rabbitfish, Happy moments, Mi mi, Pearl-spotted spinefoot, Pin-spotted spinefoot, Stinging bream or West Australian rabbitfish

 Maximum length: 30 cm

Depth: 1 - 10 m

Small light blue to bluish-white spots on a grey body.

Found in bays and lagoons, rarely on outer reef slopes.

Photo 1 Johnny: Moalboal Philippines

Siganus guttatus

Orange-spotted spinefoot, Deepbody spinefoot, Gold-saddle rabbitfish, Golden rabbitfish, Golden-spotted spinefoot or Yellowblotch spinefoot

 Maximum length: 40 cm

Depth: 5 - 35 m

On rocky reefs near the coast with soft corals.

They often hover in small groups in one place.

They have large pointed and venomous hard rays on their pectoral fins,

the sting of which is extremely painful and the pain lasts for at least half an hour.

Photo 1 Johnny: Bali Indonesia

Siganus luridus

Dusky spinefoot or Squaretail rabbitfish

 Maximum length: 24 cm

Depth: 2 - 18 m

Olive green to dark brown body.

Lives in bays, lagoons and on outer reefs.

Travelling singly or in pairs.

Feeds on benthic algae.

Photo 1 Johnny: Hurghada Egypt

Siganus puelloides

Blackeye rabbitfish

 Maximum length: 30 cm

Depth: 1 - 15 m

Swims in pairs or in small groups on reef tops and along drop-offs.

Photo 1 Johnny: Embudu Maldives

Siganus puellus

Masked spinefoot, Masked rabbitfish, Blue-lined rabbitfish,

Blue-lined spinefoot, Decorated rabbitfish or Maiden spinefoot

 Maximum length: 38 cm

Depth: 2 - 25 m

Wavy lines and dots on a yellow body.

A dark longitudinal band runs from the chin to the eye.

Grey to black dots above the eye.

Usually always travelling in pairs.

Photo 1 Johnny: Bangka Island North Sulawesi

Photo 2 Astrid: Moalboal Philippines

Siganus rivulatus

Marbled spinefoot, Rivulated rabbitfish or Surf parrotfish

nocturnal camouflage colouring
nocturnal camouflage colouring

 Maximum length: 30 cm

Depth: 2 - 15 m

At home on sandy bottoms in rock and coral reefs.

Often found in schools of up to 100 animals,

feeding on bottom algae.

Photos 1 - 3 Johnny: El Qesir Egypt

Siganus stellatus

Brown-spotted spinefoot, Brown-spotted rabbitfish,

Honeycomp rabbitfish, Starspotted spinefoot, Starspotted rabbitfish or Stellate rabbitfish

Maximum length: 35 cm

Depth: 3 - 45 m

Yellowish body with dense black spots.

Inhabits clear lagoons and coral-rich outer reefs.

Adults in pairs, subadults in groups.

Feeds on seaweed and filamentous algae.

Not shy.

Photo 1 Astrid: Hurghada Egypt

Photo 2 Johnny: Hurghada Egypt

Siganus unimaculatus

Blotched foxface, Blackblotch foxface or One-spot foxface

 Maximum length: 20 cm

Depth. 1 - 30 m

Distribution: Southeast Asia to the Philippines.

Photo 1 Johnny: Moalboal Philippines