13 photos  6 species


There are approximately 215 species.

They are the jewels in the reefs. Both male and female fish are beautifully colored, although the male is more dominant.

These boast magnificent dorsal fins.

Most species reach a length of between 6 and 20 cm.

Anthias anthias

Swallowtail sea perch or Marine goldfish

Maximum length: 27 cm

Depth: 1 - 40 + m

Caves and rocky areas are the preferred habitats of these anthias.

These animals are said to live in small schools at a depth of up to 300 m, which makes them uninteresting for fishing. The name anthias comes from the long, flag-like pelvic fins.

They feed on zooplankton and fish larvae.

The animals initially live as females for a while before later converting into males.

Photo 1 Johnny: Oberhausen Germany ( Aquarium )

Pseudanthias evansi

Yellowback anthias

Maximum length: 9 cm

Depth: 1 - 30 m

Anthias are very colorful.

Gender change: first female, later male.

Photo 1 Johnny: Embudu Maldives

Pseudanthias huchtii

Red cheek fairy basslet, Threadfin anthias or Pacific basslet

Maximum length: 9 cm

Depth: 3 - 20 m

Found in small groups on the reef tops on reefs with hard and soft corals.

Males (photo) have red cheek stripes.

Photo 1 Johnny: Lembeh Strait North Sulawesi

Pseudanthias pleurotaenia

Squarespot anthias, Pink square anthias, Mirror basslet or

Squarespot fairy basslet

Maximum length: 20 cm

Depth: 25 - 46 m

Mostly found in small groups on the reef.

Very shy.

Photos 1 - 2 Johnny: Bangka Island North Sulawesi

Pseudanthias squamipinnis

Sea goldie, Orange basslet, Lyretail coralfish, Onestrip goldie,

Lyretail anthias, Lyretail fairy basslet, Orange fairy basslet, Orange seaperch, Scalefin basslet, Scalefin fairy basslet or Scalefin anthias

Female in the Phillipines
Female in the Phillipines
Males in the Phlilipines
Males in the Phlilipines
Swarm in Hurghada ( Egypt )
Swarm in Hurghada ( Egypt )
Female in Egypt
Female in Egypt
Female in Egypt
Female in Egypt

Maximum length: 15 cm

Depth: 1 - 35 m

Males are orange with yellow spots on body scales with a purple spot on the pectoral fin.

The females are orange with a purple-edged red-orange cheek stripe.

They are found in clear lagoons and outer reef slopes,

especially in front of reef tops and on coral heads, forming small or large to huge accumulations.

A male usually guards a harem of 5 - 10 females.

Photos 1 - 2 Johnny: Moalboal Philippines

Photo 3 Astrid: Hurghada Egypt

Photos 4 - 6 Johnny Hurghada Egypt

Pseudanthias tuka)

Yellowstriped fairy basslet


Maximum length: 12 cm

Depth: 2 - 40 m

The male has a purple spot on the back of his dorsal fin (see picture 2)

The female has an orange-yellow dorsal stripe that extends to the upper end of the caudal fin,

and the lower edge of the caudal lobe is also colored.

Grabbing plankton in accumulations on outer reef slopes up to about 3 m above the reef.

Photos 1 - 2 Johnny: Moalboal Philipines